Photo by: @andyps

Medan, HarimauKita.or.id – Poaching and illegal trafficking of tigers have become the biggest cause of the decline in tiger population. In addition, human-tiger conflicts, land encroachment and changes in the status of forest areas of tiger habitat also systemically increases the extinction rate. This is discussed thoroughly in a seminar titled the Sumatran Tiger Conservation at the University of North Sumatra (USU), Medan May 10, 2013.

This activity was conducted collaboratively by the Department of Biology University of North Sumatra (USU), Forum HarimauKita, Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) Indonesia Program, Nature Lovers Biology and Environmental Studies (Biopalas) and TIGERHEART Forum HarimauKita Volunteer Network. The speakers include Head of Gunung Leuser National Park Andi Basrul, Edina Emininta Ginting as the staff of Forest Ecosystems Control (PEH) BBKSDA North Sumatra, Hariyawan Agung Wahyudi as the Executive Officer Forum HarimauKita, Adnun Salampessy as research staff and Dwi Adhiasto, Wildlife Crimes Unit (WCU). Zulfan Muhammad Aris, Chairman of the Committee said that the activities of this seminar aims to improve knowledge to students and young conservationists especialy tiger conservation.

“Increasing public role in the conservation of this charismatic species are urged to be pursued, one through the delivery of information directly from the experts. Event is a series of seminars and trainings are held from May 10-12,” said Muhammad Zulfan.

Increasing public awareness of tiger conservation to be one of the mission carried by HarimauKita. Awareness raising is conducted through various media such as seminars, public lectures, roadshows and also take advantage of social media such as websites, facebook and twitter. Public role in tiger conservation is well known considered very important, especially in monitoring the illegal trade of tigers and the rest of him lately rampant on the internet. According to data from the work of volunteers TIGERHEART, hundreds of links identified sell tiger body parts.

“Submission of current information on the status of Sumatran tiger conservation to the wider public must be performed continuously. Hopes that people get informed and motivated to actively support, at least through actions as simple as monitoring online trading,” said Hariyawan Agung Wahyudi, Executive Officer of Forum HarimauKita.

Land encroachment in Leuser National Park being the main issue presented by Andi Basrul. According to the data that has been collected, an area of ±143,734.87 hectares of degraded threaten the Sumatran tiger. Leuser NP itself has set a world heritage and be part of Tiger Conservation Landscape (TCL) Leuser-Ulu Masen, is the world’s largest tiger habitat. However, in reality Leuser NP worrying when this condition due to land encroachment.

“There needs to be a comprehensive conservation efforts, good security and the restoration of the Leuser NP area. Involvement of more stakeholders from government, local government and NGOs, and students are needed to preserve the Leuser ecosystem,” he explained further.

Tiger population in the province of North Sumatra region occupies most of the Tiger Conservation Landscape (TCL) TN Gunung Leuser and Ulu Masen is in the region Langkat. According to the results of monitoring conducted by WCS and Panthera collaboration with Leuser NP, at least 4 tigers have been identified from the camera trap. It was submitted by Adnun Salampessy the exposure entitled to use Camera Trap Survey of Tigers in TNGL.

“The data is the result of the survey conducted from January to April 2013,” he said further.

According to Data Protection and Nature Conservation, Indonesia suffered a loss of more than 9 trillion rupiah due to poaching and trafficking. Value of illegal wildlife trafficking around the world is much more astonishing, ranging from 10-20 billion U.S. dollars annually. This value is the second largest after the drug business. And according to the Wildlife Crimes Unit (WCU), more than 80% of animals sold in markets are taken from nature and not from captive breeding, as well as more than 90% of the catch in the wild without a permit through fishing and permit circulation.

“Transaction model is now mostly done electronically or in cash when the order is sent. This kind of modus started happening since last 3-4 years and more and more prevalent,” he said further.

Advances in information technology turned out to bring harm to the protection of the tiger sub-species of this latest Indonesian owned. Internet wildlife trade into a new mode, so that the transaction between the hunters and traders as well as consumers are increasingly difficult to detect. They offered through the website, even more closed media like Blackberry messenger. Dwi Adhiasto, WCU Program Manager, 2011hingga year since March 2013, as many as 18 cases revealed online trading, 10 of whom are trade tiger. Of the cases revealed that, 4 of which have been sentenced. (wahyudi)